Types of folktales27.10.2020
Learn something new every day More Info A folktale is a type of traditional story that tries to explain something, or which is meant to help people behave well in the world. Such stories usually are fiction -based with magical or supernatural elements, and they often are woven around talking animals, royalty, peasants or mythical creatures.
Initially passed down through oral tradition, they were a major means of educating and entertaining prior to the development of printed materials and modern technologies, and they remain instrumental in preserving aspects of the culture in which they develop. Exactly how to define what is or is not a folktale is under debate, but stories that fall into this category generally exhibit some very distinguishable characteristics, such as starting with "once upon a time" and ending with "and they all lived happily ever after.
They are usually fairly short, often taking just a few minutes to tell or read, and the plots often are melodramatic in nature, featuring a conflict between a hero and villain where everything ends happily, good triumphs and justice properly is served. Another trait of a folktale is that it survives through or is well known by multiple generations.
Initially, people passed down these stories orally, and this method of sharing the tales, coupled with general difficulties and slowness in travel, often resulted in more than one version of the same story developing.
Even so, the heart of the plots and the reasons for telling them typically remain the same, mirroring the values and culture of the society from which they originated. In general, these stories usually are fiction, meaning that the people, places and events depicted are largely imaginary.
In fact, people usually readily admit that they probably aren't true. They are connected closely to legends, however, in that people sometimes come to see at least one aspect or character as real. A good example might be a tale about a witch told among a group that believes witches really exist. Regardless of how true audiences believe the stories are, folktales almost always provide some practical or moral lesson.
Alternately, it can explain how something works or came into being. The Three Little Pigsfor example, teaches that being willing to work and thinking critically about how to prepare can protect someone against intruders or general danger.
The fact that people can derive and apply practical meaning from the characters and plots is part of what makes them so popular and enduring. Before the Internet, newspapers, radio, television and other types of media, it wasn't possible to rely on technology to pass the time, and much of the world was illiterate. People relied on storytellers for both entertainment and education as a result.
Furthermore, groups needed ways to preserve their cultures. Folktales met all these needs, providing long-lasting lessons while being constructed in a way members of a group could understand based on their experiences and beliefs. Inwhen Johan Gutenberg invented the movable-type printing pressthe emergence of the book publishing industry made it possible for people to publish books within a variety of genres. In the s, Europeans actively began collecting regional folktales into books in an effort to record and preserve their cultural history.
Their versions of these stories can still be found in anthologies and picture books throughout the world. Various types of folktales exist in the world today. The cumulative variety features a plotless story where events follow a repetitious pattern. Beast fables or tales, such as The Three Billy Goats Grufffeature animals who speak like humans, and they usually teach lessons about the rewards of being brave, independent and clever.
The humorous subcategory involves silly stories about characters who do ridiculous things and make funny mistakes. A good example is Jack and the Three Sillies. There are also realistic folktales, such as Blue Beardthat contain very little magic and feature a more believable or true-to-life plot, setting and characters.
Religious tales feature biblical or other faith-based characters, while romances are peppered with stereotypical beautiful, sweet women and handsome, strong men, who often are mistreated but rise to love, power and fame, or who are some type of royalty — Cinderella is a classic in this subcategory. Magical versions center around spells or enchanted items that usually help the main character succeed. The Chinese story The Magic Belt falls into this group.
Other kinds include why or pourquoi, fairydrolls, trickster and tall tales. With oral tradition carrying these folktales from generation to generation and place to place, tracing an original author is difficult, if not impossible. Most of the time, they are labeled either as "anonymous" or "traditional," but occasionally, specific versions sometimes have attributions that note the person or group of people who wrote down or preserved particular tellings, which helps keep the different arrangements of the same stories straight.
Sometimes, this appears in print along with the country from which the story is thought to have come.Why don't fictional characters say "goodbye" when they hang up a phone? What evidence does Coutu use to support her claim that improvisation requires resilience.
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History of the United States. African-American History. Wiki User Tall tales, Fables, fairytale, Fables, and legends. The characteristics of folktales are they are passed down orally; they can change over time; and they were a form of entertainment.
There are many different types: fables, legends, fairy tales, tall tales, generic folktales, and myths. Asked in Fables and Folklore Do folktales have morals? Asked in Japan When was Folktales from Japan created? Folktales from Japan was created in Asked in Fables and Folklore What are the general types of folktales in English? There are many kinds of English folktales and a lot of them are the source of inspiration for the modern fantasy genre.
Such tales include encounters with dwarves, elves, fairies, dragons. While they are similar, generally speaking folktales make encounters more mysterious and mystic than the fantasy genre of today. Asked in Fables and Folklore, Proverbs What do proverbs and folktales have in common?
Well, proverbs usually come from folktales. No, Akbar and Birbal stories are not folktales.
Asked in Fables and Folklore, Mythology Why are folktales good? Folktales are really good, as they develop ones imagination. Asked in Fables and Folklore What are the different folktales?
Folktales are retelling's stories, myths, and legends. Johnny Appleseed, Bigfoot, and Paul Bunion are examples of still popular folktales. Asked in Communication, Literary Terminology Are folktales short stories? Folktales are stories that use magic to solve a problem.African American folktalestorytelling tradition that evolved among enslaved African Americans in the 18th and 19th centuries.
When slaves arrived in the New World from Africa in the s and s, they brought with them a vast oral tradition. The details and characters of the stories evolved over time in the Americas, though many of the motifs endured. The African harefor example, continued to play the trickster but became Brer Rabbit or Bruh Rabbit. The African jackal became the American fox.
And the African tortoise became a turtle or terrapin. Even with modifications, however, those tales carried from Africa retained a distinctive flavour. Most slaveholders forcibly suppressed the languages, customs, and cultures of the individuals they enslaved.
Black slaves often turned to singing and storytelling as a means of expression, as they had traditionally done in Africa. Those stories took the form of parableswhich conveyed ideals, moralsand cultural values to the listener. One type of African American folktale explains why animals look or act the way they do. The oral tradition kept African folktales alive. Storytelling of that type shares several features with oral traditions around the world.
It is typically performed in a particular place, at a particular time, and uses a special language; despite those rules, it employs flexible patterns and structures that aid compositionmemory, and re-performance. The audience often participates in the performance as well. For African Americans, the telling of folktales not only enabled the preservation and dissemination of African culturebut it gave some respite from the unbearable hardships of slavery, if only briefly.
The storytelling tradition also encouraged a sense of community in being one of few activities that were not controlled by their white owners. Slaves sometimes used folktales to pass coded information about meeting places or escape plans to one another. Although folktales reflected the uncertainties of life for enslaved African Americans, they also provided a message of stability and assurance. The mother image found in some tales, for example, represents tenderness and goodness, while the child-hero is a symbol of purity and innocence.
The smaller, less-powerful creatures, such as Brer Rabbitalways outsmart the larger, stronger characters, such as Brer Fox and Brer Bear. In the brutal world of the slaves, these images meant a great deal. Students of those stories hold that they are representative of the relationship between the free black, who is free only in name, and the former slaveholder.
Unlike the John stories, the animal tales do not draw a clear distinction between just and unjust antagonists. They do, however, refute the romantic myth of the plantation that originated in the s and is popularly represented in the movie Gone with the Wind. On the mythic Southern plantation, virtue, honour, pride, and benevolence determine status.
Conversely, in the humanlike society represented in the animal tales, status is based on power, and winning is all that matters. Slave folktales continue to be an important part of not only African American literature but also American literature in general.
Brer Fox secretly constructs a tar creature in order to catch Brer Rabbit. Then he hides to watch what happens. The story proceeds as follows:.
But Tar-Baby, she stay still, en Brer Fox, he lay low. She des hilt on, en den Brer Rabbit lose de use er his feet in de same way. Brer Fox, he lay low. En den he butted, en his head got stuck.
Many story collectors since Harris have published more-readable, often more-authentic, renditions of African American folktales. African American folktale.
Article Media.A folktale also spelled folk tale is a story or legend forming part of an oral tradition. Folktales are generally passed down from one generation to another and often take on the characteristics of the time and place in which they are told.
Folktales speak to universal and timeless themes, and help folks make sense of their existence or cope with the world in which they live. A Baker's Dozen Saint Nicholas teaches a lesson to a stingy baker. Alicia The ghost of Alicia still haunts her home.
Allison's Alligator Someone is eating all of Allison's apples! Can you guess who it is? Amber A sleepover party turns spooky when they use the Oujia board. Arizona Weather We like the weather in Arizona.
Arkansas Traveler A lost traveler tries to find a place to spend the night. Armadillo's Song The Armadillo yearns to sing like the frogs and the crickets and the birds. But is he willing to pay the price to learn?
Attack of the Mammoth A mammoth attacks and kills a hunter and stalks his wife and child. Axe Murder Hollow A couple finds themselves stranded in axe-murder hollow during a rainstorm. Bakery Bear One bright morning, Brenda has a surprise visitor to her bakery. The Barn Dance A young man stumbles into an old-fashioned barn dance that is more than it seems! Utah The Bells A man encounters a ghost protecting buried treasure.
Big Liz A slave girl is murdered by her master when she turns spy for the Yankees. No sir! He hungered for adventure, and he found it. Birth of Pecos Bill In which our hero --Pecos Bill -- is adopted by coyotes and grows up to become a cowboy. Black Aggie An evil statue comes to life at night in the cemetery. Black Bartelmy's Ghost Black Bartelmy was an evil, surly buccaneer who murdered his wife and children and went to sea with a band of pirates as nasty as he.
Black Magic An evil man uses black magic to capture a lovely woman. Blackbeard's Ghost Blackbeard's ghost continues to walk the shores on the Pamlico Sound, searching for his head. Bleeding Sink A college bathroom is locked up after a tragedy The Bloodstain A murdered man haunts the house where he was killed.
The Bloody Knife Many and many a year ago, two Micmac warriors from rival villages got into a terrible argument. Harsh words were exchanged, and then knives were pulled.
Nova Scotia Bloody Mary The spirit of Bloody Mary returns to claim the lives of those saying her name in front of a darkened mirror.Toggle navigation.
Help Preferences Sign up Log in. View by Category Toggle navigation. Products Sold on our sister site CrystalGraphics. Title: Folktales. Tags: folktales tales trickster. Latest Highest Rated. Title: Folktales 1 Folktales 2 What is a folktale? Problems usually overcome through kindness, courage, or intelligence 10 Tall Tales Contain many exaggerations Main character is bigger than life or may have superhuman abilities Problem to be solved Plot is funny and impossible Problem is solved by the end 11 Some well-known folktales Cinderella The Tortoise and the Hare Jack and the Beanstalk The Three Little Pigs Brer Rabbit and Brer Fox Hansel and Gretel Aesops Fables Johnny Appleseed 12 Elements of Folktales Theme a storys statement about life Characters people or figures in a story Setting time and location of a story Plot action or events of a story Style and Tone how the story is written 13 Common Themes in Folktales Heroic qualities wisdom, bravery, etc Nature and animals Good vs.
For the next several days, we will be studying folktales. We will focus on the specific structure, elements, and themes.
As you read, start thinking of ideas for your own folktale! This can be based on an existing story, or can be something uniquebe creative! Whether your application is business, how-to, education, medicine, school, church, sales, marketing, online training or just for fun, PowerShow. And, best of all, most of its cool features are free and easy to use. You can use PowerShow. Or use it to find and download high-quality how-to PowerPoint ppt presentations with illustrated or animated slides that will teach you how to do something new, also for free.
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But aside from that it's free.Literature for children: a short introduction. Types of Folk Literature. Folktales or Fairy Tales. Folktales are stories that grew out of the lives and imaginations of the people, or folk.
Their popularity springs from their imaginative characters, their supernatural elements, their focus on action, their simple sense of justice, their happy endings, and the fundamental wisdom they contain. Many people use the terms folktale and fairy tale interchangeable, though few of these tales actually contain fairies.
Animal tales are perhaps the oldest of all folktales. They are part myth, part fable, and part fairy tales. They play significant roles in early stories and legends. Talking animals appear in many European folktales. Wonder tales also known as fairy tales are the best known of the traditional folktales.
They are stories of supernatural wonders typically depicting the conflict between good and evil. Most conclude with the triumph of virtue and a happy marriage. Cumulative tales are the ones in which successive additions are made to a repetitive plot line. They are generally very simple in plot and brief, for with each addition, the entire sequence is repeated. They are found throughout the world and especially popular in African and Native American folklore. There is a strong connection between pourquoi tales and myths; however, the setting in pourquoi tales is earthly and deities play no role in pourquoi tales as they do in myths.
Noodlehead tales are light-hearted tales about silly people doing silly things. These tales are popular because of their pure nonsense and jocularity, and sometimes we enjoy the triumph of the good-hearted simpleton over the craftier evil characters of the story. Folk and Fairy Tales from Around the World.Chapter 4.5: Vladimir Propp, the structure of fairy tales
World Tales. Children's Literature Navigator — Folklore. Children's Literature. Please read Chapter 9 from Russell, D.
Folk Literature.Why the sun and the moon live in the sky. The leopard man. The two friends. The red and blue coat. The grasshopper and the toad. The man who never lied. Clever Jackal Gets Away. Lion and Jackal. The beggar and the miser. The monk and the student. Loawnu the Wise Woman. Wang the Peddler. The Four Dragons. Notes : This book holds some of the folktales form the Arabian Nights Entertainments. Selected and edited by Andrew Langthese folktales are slmplified and shortened, making them more suitable for children.
Author: Rev. Macgowan, D. Published: Publisher: Macmillan And Co. The widow Ho - Chinese folktale. The Fairy Bonze - Chinese folktale. The Mysterious Buddhist Robe - Chinese folktale. The Wonderful Man - Chinese folktale. The Great Bell. The Strange Tale of Doctor Dog. How Footbinding Started. The Talking Fish. Bamboo and the Turtle. The Mad Goose and the Tiger Forest. The Nodding Tiger. The Princess Kwan-Yin.
The Two Jugglers.